标题： Bad Apple or Bad Barrel? Implicit Theories of Agency and Reactions to Corrupted Behaviors
时间：2018年1月17日（周三）10:00AM - 11:30AM
Abstract:When making judgment of unethical behaviors and assigning responsibilities, people often need to identify the driving forces and make attributions. My research focuses on the role of implicit theories agency, the culturally constructed causal schemas that guide people’s inferences and conceptions about the actors in their social surroundings, in people’s judgment of and reactions to corrupted behaviors in organizational contexts. Specifically, implicit theories of agency are lay assumptions about the intentionality, capacity, and autonomy of individuals and groups. Individual agency theorists (e.g., Americans) make interpretation around a central individual as the prime mover, the protagonist, and the owner of the action. By contrast, group agency theorists (e.g., Chinese) focus on a group or organization as the driving force, the origin of actions, and the center of events. Applying implicit theories of agency, my research programs have investigated three sets of corrupted behaviors: (1) bribery committed by individuals (e.g., parents bribing teachers) and bribery committed by organizations (e.g., firms bribing banks for loans), (2) bribery committed by leaders for the benefit of the organization, and (3) employees’ engagement in favoritism towards relational others. Findings so far suggest that individual agency theorists are less tolerant of individual wrongdoings than those by organizations whereas group agency theorists are harsher towards organizations than individuals. The research aims to reveal a schema-based approach to business ethics and, more broadly, the functioning of culture as cognitive schemas but not purely as internalized values. I also expect the research provide insights to policy-makers and organizational managers to combat corruption and workplace misconducts.
Speaker Bio:Zhi Liu is an Assistant Professor at the Guanghua School of Management, Peking University. She received her Ph.D. in management at Columbia Business School, Columbia University in 2015. Her research interests lie at the intersection of organizational behavior, decision-making, and cultural psychology. The specific topics include business ethics, organizational justice, psychology of corruption, cultural norms, cross-cultural interactions, and organizational and social cultural transformation. She has published in top academic journals such as Annual Review of Psychology, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, Research in Organizational Behavior, Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, and Academy of Management Best Proceedings.